Wednesday, April 17, 2019

German Expressionism The Art Movement

 German Expressionism is a twentieth century German Art Movement which was started with artists' inner feelings for example; paintings. But this art movement replaces into film too.        * 1919-1926: In response to the domination of French, Italian and American films banned import of films except from Denmark: government encouraged cartel formation to counter imported films; the UFA became the largest company and built the best equipped companies of Europe.  * 1920s: Germany coproduced many films spreading German stylistic influence abroad.  * The German film industry concentrated on three genres; spy and detective series; sex education movies on homosexuality and prostitution; the Italian historical epics of the pre-war period.  * The historical epics were financially successful. The UFA could enter the international film market in 1919 with Ernst Lubitsch’s movie.  * There are some small independent companies which initiated expressionist film making.  * Beginning of Expressionist film: Decla Bioscope in 1919 attempted to make an unconventional script with two unknowns, Carl Mayer and Hans Janowitz.  * There designers assigned to the film suggested that the film be made in expressionist style.  * The goal was to have a space in international market by offering something exceptional.  * Examples, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920)  * This low cost film was a huge success. One of its designers, Herman Warm said, ‘The film was like a moving expressionist painting or mood cut print. It expresses the distorted viewpoint of a madman.’  * German expressionism depends heavily on Mise-en-scene.  Mise-en-scene (to put on stage); ‘the contents of the frame and the way that they are organized’ (Gibbs, 2002)  * Prop: A bottle can be a prop. In a word, what I use is prop.  * Shape are distorted and exaggerated unrealistically for expressive purposes. Actors often wear heavy make up and move in jerky or slow sinuous patterns. Most importantly, all of the elements of the mise-en-scene interact graphically to create an overall composition. Characters do not simply exist within a setting but rather form visual elements that merge with the setting.  * Expressionism became an accepted style, functioned to create stylized situations for fantasy and horror stories.  * The rise of the costs of filmmaking recruitment of many of the film makers by Hollywood and competition from Hollywood killed the movement in the mid 1920s.  * To cope with the Hollywood competition Germany began to imitate Hollywood products.
A still from The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920)


 German Expressionism is a twentieth century German Art Movement which was started with artists' inner feelings for example; paintings. But this art movement replaces into film too.  



* 1919-1926: In response to the domination of French, Italian and American films banned import of films except from Denmark: government encouraged cartel formation to counter imported films; the UFA became the largest company and built the best equipped companies of Europe.

* 1920s: Germany coproduced many films spreading German stylistic influence abroad.

* The German film industry concentrated on three genres; spy and detective series; sex education movies on homosexuality and prostitution; the Italian historical epics of the pre-war period.

* The historical epics were financially successful. The UFA could enter the international film market in 1919 with Ernst Lubitsch’s movie.

* There are some small independent companies which initiated expressionist film making.

* Beginning of Expressionist film: Decla Bioscope in 1919 attempted to make an unconventional script with two unknowns, Carl Mayer and Hans Janowitz.

* There designers assigned to the film suggested that the film be made in expressionist style.

* The goal was to have a space in international market by offering something exceptional.

* Examples, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920)

* This low cost film was a huge success. One of its designers, Herman Warm said, ‘The film was like a moving expressionist painting or mood cut print. It expresses the distorted viewpoint of a madman.’

* German expressionism depends heavily on Mise-en-scene.  Mise-en-scene (to put on stage); ‘the contents of the frame and the way that they are organized’ (Gibbs, 2002)

* Prop: A bottle can be a prop. In a word, what I use is prop.

* Shape are distorted and exaggerated unrealistically for expressive purposes. Actors often wear heavy make up and move in jerky or slow sinuous patterns. Most importantly, all of the elements of the mise-en-scene interact graphically to create an overall composition. Characters do not simply exist within a setting but rather form visual elements that merge with the setting.

* Expressionism became an accepted style, functioned to create stylized situations for fantasy and horror stories.

* The rise of the costs of filmmaking recruitment of many of the film makers by Hollywood and competition from Hollywood killed the movement in the mid 1920s.

* To cope with the Hollywood competition Germany began to imitate Hollywood products.


19/05/2015


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